Quastel Midgen’s Employment and Immigration Teams look ahead to Brexit

19 October 2018

As we rapidly approach the United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union amidst great uncertainty, it is critical that both businesses and individuals know how to plan for Brexit.

Adam Convisser and Tanya Laidlaw take a look at what we know about the likely effect of Brexit on employment law in England and Wales and the rights of EU workers, both in the event of a “deal” and a “no deal” exit.

Possible areas mooted for change include restrictions on working time, rights for agency workers and protection of contractual rights after the sale of a business.”

How will Brexit affect employment law?

The United Kingdom’s membership of the EU has significantly shaped employment law in the UK. Regulations on workplace discrimination and paid holidays, for instance, developed in a large part from EU law.  However, there are a number of key areas of employment law that do not derive from the EU and which therefore will not be affected by Brexit (including rights relating to the national minimum wage or protection from unfair dismissal).

In any event, in the time immediately after Brexit, it is unlikely there will be any major changes to employment law. Unless the EU and the UK agree an implementation period which extends beyond the current arrangements, the EU (Withdrawal) Act 2018 will convert law derived from EU law into UK law. However, the UK courts and employment tribunals will no longer have to follow future decisions of the European Union Court of Justice.

What will happen beyond that time is completely open to speculation. The government’s White Paper proposes committing to the ‘non-regression’ of employment rights in the final agreement. Exactly what this will look like in practice or whether it will be agreed remains uncertain.

If the UK and the EU do not agree any minimum standards or limits on UK employment law, Parliament should be free to change the law. Possible areas mooted for change include rights for agency workers, restrictions on working time and protection of contractual rights after the sale of a business.

What if there is no deal?

Government guidance published in August on the effects of the UK leaving without a deal states that there will be no immediate impact on employment law, other than relating to European Works Councils and the rights of workers based outside the UK on the insolvency of a British employer.

How will Brexit affect rights of EU workers?

Until the exit date of 29 March 2019, EU and UK citizens have the right to free movement: to move within the EU to live and work. Although they are not legally binding and may change, the government has set out the arrangements which will replace free movement. These reflect an agreement reached with the EU. The main points are:

  • an implementation period from 29 March 2019 to 31 December 2020;
  • during the implementation period, EU nationals can come to live in the UK and UK nationals can live in the EU;
  • EU nationals living in the UK will have the right to settle in the UK if they have been resident for five years by the end of the implementation period;
  • those with less than five years’ residency at the end of the implementation period will have the right to apply for pre-settled status and then settled status once they have five years’ residency;
  • a new streamlined application process under a settlement scheme is due to be phased in from late 2018 and will close on 30 June 2021;
  • holders of residency cards and registration certificates under the current system will have to apply again under the new system; and
  • there are no details yet on the immigration rules that will apply after the implementation period.

The government has provided a toolkit and guidance for EU citizens on the settlement scheme.

What about EU citizens’ rights if there is no deal?

The immigration rights in the settlement scheme are contingent on the UK reaching an exit deal. However, in August, Dominic Raab the Brexit Secretary said that if there is no deal the government would ‘safeguard the future’ of EU citizens living in the UK. Reports of leaked cabinet papers suggest that the government would still implement the scheme.

How we can help

We can help you prepare for Brexit by auditing your workforce to identify EU workers who could apply under the settlement scheme, as well as assisting with ways to support and effectively communicate with your staff.

If you would like to discuss this or any other employment matter, please contact Adam Convisser in our Employment Team on +44 207 908 2553 or at  For immigration matters, please contact Tanya Laidlaw on +44 207 908 2556 or at

This article is for general information purposes only and does not constitute legal or professional advice. Please note that the position may have changed since the date this article was published